This list covers English language national capital city names with their etymologies. Some of these include notes on indigenous names and their etymologies. Some of these etymologies are uncertain.
Most of the city is located in the Taipei Basinan ancient lakebed. The basin is bounded by the relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city's western border. The city proper is home to an estimated population of 2, forming the core part of the Taipei—Keelung metropolitan areawhich includes the nearby cities of New Taipei and Keelung with a population of 7,,   the 40th most-populous urban area in the world—roughly one-third of Taiwanese citizens live in the metro district.
In March I wrote about a world map where the country names had been translated to their original literal meanings, as far as anyone could be sure. Language, after all, is a complex and confusing thing that grows, develops and morphs over time as dialects mix and meanings blend. I thought it would be fun to follow it up by delving a bit deeper and look at the cities within those countries who no doubt have been subject to the same whims of change and misinterpretation.
Phnom Penh has been the national capital since French colonization of Cambodiaand has grown to become the nation's economic, industrial, and cultural center. Once known as the "Pearl of Asia," it was considered one of the loveliest French-built cities in Indochina  in the s. Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukvilleare significant global and domestic tourist destinations for Cambodia.
The city, located in northern Chinais governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the central government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing is an important world capital and global power cityand one of the world's leading centers for politicseconomy and businessfinanceeducationcultureinnovation and technologyarchitecturelanguageand diplomacy. A megacityBeijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's politicalculturaland educational center.
Capital letters are not really an aspect of punctuation, but it is convenient to deal with them here. The rules for using them are mostly very simple. Will anyone now alive live to see a colony on the moon?
Unless talking to foreigners who don't know any different, Thais will never call their capital city Bangkok - indeed, some Thais in the more remote provinces may never have even heard of it being called that. Bangkok translating as 'village of wild plums' was the original site for the capital city and was located west of the Chao Phraya river in modern day Thonburi. InKing Rama I decided to move to a more defensible site and moved across the river to found his new capital, Krung Thep.
Jerusalem is a city located in modern-day Israel and is considered by many to be one of the holiest places in the world. Jerusalem is a site of major significance for the three largest monotheistic religions: Judaism, Islam and Christianity, and both Israel and Palestine have claimed Jerusalem as a capital city. Because of these strong, age-old associations, bloody conflicts to control the city and sites within it have been waged for thousands of years.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of Asiadefined in both geographical  and ethno-cultural  terms. The region was the cradle of various ancient civilizations such as ancient Chinaancient Japanancient Koreaand the Mongol Empire. For thousands of years, China largely influenced East Asia as it was principally the leading civilization in the regionexerting its enormous prestige and influence on its neighbors.