Vaginal prolapse is a common condition where the bladder, uterus and or bowel protrudes into the vagina. This can cause symptoms such as a sensation of a vaginal lump, constipation, difficulty emptying the bowel or bladder or problems with sexual intercourse. Treatment is only recommended when the prolapse is symptomatic.
The pelvic organs include the vaginauterusbladderurethraand rectum. These organs are held in place by muscles of the pelvic floor. Layers of connective tissue also give support.
This weakening allows the uterus, urethra, bladder, or rectum to droop down into the vagina. If the pelvic floor muscles weaken enough, these organs can even protrude out of the vagina. If you do have symptoms, your symptoms will depend on the organ that is prolapsed.
There are many different types of prolapse, including uterine, bladder and bowel prolapse. Causes of prolapse, symptoms, tests used to diagnose prolapse, and management and treatment of prolapse are discussed. Prolapse is caused by a stretching of the ligaments and muscles that support the pelvic organs, causing those organs to drop down. The word prolapse literally means to 'fall out of place'.
Pelvic organ prolapse involve a dropping down prolapse of the bladder, urethra, small intestine, rectum, uterus, or vagina caused by weakness of or injury to the ligaments, connective tissue, and muscles of the pelvis. Women may feel pressure that feels as if something is bulging out of their vagina or they are sitting on a ball, have a sense of fullness in their pelvis, or have problems with urination or bowel movements. Pelvic organ prolapse occurs only in women and become more common as women age.
Back to Health A to Z. Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more of the organs in the pelvis slip down from their normal position and bulge into the vagina. A prolapse isn't life-threatening, but it can cause pain and discomfort.
The uterus is held in place by a group of muscles and ligaments. Several factors can contribute to the weakening of these muscles and ligaments, causing the uterus to sag. These factors include the loss of muscle tone as women age, injury due to childbirth especially women who have had many babies or large babiesobesity, chronic coughing, chronic constipation and all place added tension on the pelvic muscles.
One of the most uncomfortable—and awkward—conditions that afflicts women is pelvic organ prolapse. Normally, the pelvic organs—the bladder, uterus, vagina, and rectum—are supported and held in place by a group of muscles and tissues called the pelvic floor. When these muscles weaken over time, the pelvic organs can droop down and bulge out of the vagina.